A to Z tools and guides

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TitleGuide descriptionTopicSub-topicType of guide
Citizenship and naturalization recordsFind resources for researching citizenship and naturalization records.Genealogy and family historyCitizenship and naturalisationSubject guide
Canadian genealogy links and resourcesMany genealogical societies and other archives hold resources for Canadian family history research.Genealogy and family historyMiscellaneousIndex
Home children, 1869 to 1932Britain sent over 100,00 children to Canada through the Home Children programGenealogy and family historyImmigrationSubject guide
DeportationFind out what sources are available for researching deportees.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationSubject guide
Black CanadiansFind resources for researching the family history and genealogy of Black Canadians.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
German CanadiansFind resources for researching the family history and genealogy of German Canadians.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Ukrainian CanadiansFind resources for researching the family history and genealogy of Ukrainian Canadians.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Passenger lists before 1865 – French Regime, 1608 to 1760If your ancestors arrived in Canada when it was New France, find out what sources exist and how to access them.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationSubject guide
Ethno-cultural groupsFind resources for researching people from any ethno-cultural group in Canada.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Passports Passports can be useful when researching your ancestors. Find out what sources exist and how to access them.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationSubject guide
Other census and related documents (1640 to 1945)Search and access copies of censuses taken before colonies joined Confederation.Genealogy and family historyCensusIndex
Japanese CanadiansFind resources for researching the family history and genealogy of Japanese Canadians.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Passenger lists before 1865 - British Regime, 1760 to 1865If your ancestor arrived during the British colonial regime, check out these sources to learn more about them.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationSubject guide
Immigration RecordsUse these general instructions on using immigration records to do genealogical research.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationSubject guide
Jewish CanadiansFind resources for researching the genealogy and family history of Jewish Canadians.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Irish CanadiansFind resources for researching the family history and genealogy of Irish Canadians.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Appendix to Finding Aid 300This is a list of some early local censuses for Nova Scotia, Ontario and PEI.Genealogy and family historyCensusIndex
AcadiansFind resources for researching the family history and genealogy of AcadiansGenealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Manifest indexes, 1906-1920 They used passenger lists to create manifest indexes. Sometimes these are the only way to find an immigrant’s arrival information due to gaps in the records.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationSubject guide
DoukhoborsFind resources for researching the family history and genealogy of Doukhobors.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Chinese CanadiansFind resources for researching the family history and genealogy of Chinese Canadians.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsSubject guide
Private companiesLimited resources relating to employment at private companies are available at LAC. Find out what we have in this guide.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
Land recordsExplore the many types of documents relating to land in our collection, and the different ways to use them in your research.Genealogy and family historyLandSubject guide
Public service Information on records relating to employees of the federal government is available here.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
Employment recordsGeneral instructions on researching a person's employment, including those who were self-employed.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
Second World WarLAC has an extensive collection of material relating to the Second World War. Come and explore.Military historySecond World War: 1939-1945Subject guide
War of 1812Check out the collections of material we hold relating to the War of 1812.Military historyWar of 1812Subject guide
War Office records LAC has microfilm copies of some British War Office records that relate to the defence of Canada.Military historyBritish regime: 1760-1865Subject guide
First World War: personnel records – NursesMany Canadians nurses served in the First World War. More information on their personnel files is available here.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Subject guide
Index of Bands in Western CanadaEasily locate records relating to Western First Nations bands with this list of standardized and other names. There is also information about field offices, agencies, and inspectorates.Indigenous historyFirst NationsIndex
Pension recordsPension records can include where a person worked, what they did and where they lived later in life.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
How to read documents in First World War service filesHow to understand documents in the service files from the Canadian Expeditionary Force.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918How to's
Library and Archives Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission Web Archive

Access archived websites of organizations connected with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission
Indigenous historyIndian Residential SchoolsDatabase
ClergyResearch members of the clergy in LAC sources. Most of these sources relate to Christian clergy.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
First World War: personnel records Search the service records for servicemembers who served in the First World War, 1914 to 1918.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Subject guide
PoliceSee documents about members of the Dominion Police, military police, provincial and other police forces
Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
Interpreting our documentsRecords relating to Indigenous peoples must be approached with extra care.Indigenous historyFirst Nations, Inuit, and Métis Nation recordsHow to's
Military abbreviations used in service filesService files use many different acronyms. Use this index to better understand them.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Index
North West Mounted PoliceInformation about members of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP), Royal North West Mounted Police (RNWMP) and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
Land grants to veteransVeterans of military conflicts were often granted land after they completed service. See our collection of records relating to these land grants.Genealogy and family historyLandSubject guide
First World WarDiscover the many collections of documents that we hold relating to the First World War.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Subject guide
Fur tradeFind resources about ancestors that participated in the fur trade.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
Writing titles for descriptions of Indigenous-related archival materialsBest practices for rewriting archival descriptions and titles relating to Indigenous content.Indigenous historyFirst Nations, Inuit, and Métis Nation recordsHow to's
Residential School Records ResourcesThis guide provides some information to conducting research on Indian Residential School records.Indigenous historyIndian Residential SchoolsSubject guide
Finding Métis ScripScrip were documents that entitled holders to money or sections of crown lands in Western Canada.Indigenous historyMétis NationSubject guide
First Nations genealogyFind resources for researching the genealogy and family history of First Nations, particularly in RG10 records.Indigenous history; Genealogy and family historyGenealogy; First NationsSubject guide
Project NamingHelp us identify people, places and activities depicted in these images of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation.Indigenous historyFirst Nations, Inuit, and Métis Nation recordsCommunity engagement project
Métis Nation genealogyMost of our records relate to the Red River Métis, in Manitoba, as well as Métis in Alberta and Saskatchewan. Learn more about them in this guide.Indigenous history; Genealogy and family historyGenealogy; Métis NationSubject guide
Inuit genealogyFind family history and genealogy of Inuit in records of federal initiatives like the Family Allowance program, relocations and disc numbers.Indigenous history; Genealogy and family historyGenealogy; InuitSubject guide
Jacob M. Lowy CollectionThis collection is Canada’s national treasure of old and rare Hebraica and Judaica.Arts and cultureLiteratureSubject guide
Rare Book CollectionBrowse LAC's collection of pre and post-Confederation Canadiana. The collection includes Indigenous language books, ephemeral publications and examples of book arts.Arts and cultureLiteratureSubject guide
We are Here: Sharing StoriesSee the results of our initiative to digitize and describe hundreds of thousands of Indigenous-related collection items in LAC holdings.Indigenous historyFirst Nations, Inuit, and Métis Nation recordsIndex
New France ArchivesNew France lasted from 1604-1763. It covered Canada, Acadia, Newfoundland, the Great Lakes region and Louisiana. Use this database to find digitized records from the period.Politics, government and lawFrench Regime: 1608-1760Database
Acts of Divorce, 1841-1968Search this database for references to names found in Acts of Divorce.Genealogy and family historyBirths, marriages and deathsIndex
Research Guide to Holocaust-related Holdings at Library and Archives CanadaThe records in this guide cover the systematic persecution and oppression of Jews in Canada and elsewhere.Politics, government and lawHuman rightsSubject guide
Births, Marriages and Deaths Recorded in CanadaFind information on family events like births, baptisms, marriages, deaths and burials.Genealogy and family historyBirths, marriages and deathsDatabase
Canadian Directories CollectionLocate addresses for people and business in our collection of city directories from Ottawa (1861 to 1901) and Halifax (1869 to 1901).Newspapers and communicationsPeriodicalsDatabase
Newspaper CollectionExplore LAC's microfilm collection of major and minor Canadian newspapers.Newspapers and communicationsNewspapersIndex
Canadian Feature Film DatabaseSee our version of the Canadian Feature Film Index, with information and credits for films from 1913 to 2006.Arts and cultureFilm, video, and audioDatabase
Canadian Illustrated News: Images in the News, 1869-1883Read full issues of this magazine, which was groundbreaking in its use of photographs to document the Canadian experience.Newspapers and communicationsPeriodicalsDatabase
Canadian Poetry Audio ArchivesListen to audio recordings of Canada's acclaimed poets reading from their own works.Arts and cultureLiteratureDatabase
Canadian Mail Order CataloguesRelive the historical shopping experience. Browse through catalogues from major Canadian stores like Eaton's.Newspapers and communicationsEphemeraDatabase
Carleton Papers - Book of NegroesTrace the history of Black Loyalists and enslaved persons named in the Book of Negroes.Genealogy and family historyLoyalistsIndex
Disc-O-LogueThis database is a re-creation of a card catalogue of 90,000 French-language song titles.Arts and cultureMusicDatabase
Faces of the Second World WarSee what military life was like during the Second World War.Military historySecond World War: 1939-1945Database
Canadian Patents, 1869-1919Patents showcase the driving force of innovation during the Industrial Revolution. See how past inventors imagined the future.Science and technologyPatentsDatabase
Canadian UFOsExplore reports, sightings and investigations of UFOs across Canada.Science and technologyCuriositiesDatabase
Carleton Papers – Loyalists and British Soldiers, 1772-1784See our list of people named in the Carleton papers. These include Loyalists, American and British officials and soldiers, and more.Genealogy and family historyLoyalistsIndex
Canadian Music Periodical Index (CMPI)Find writings about music in Canada.Arts and cultureMusicIndex
Home Children RecordsSee this list of the names and related information of Home Children drawn from our records.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationIndex
Immigrants at Grosse Île Quarantine Station, 1832-1937Trace immigrants who passed through the Grosse Île Quarantine Station with these birth, marriage, death and other records.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationDatabase
Home Children – Boards of GuardiansSearch this database to find names of home children in these registers.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationDatabase
Marriage Bonds, 1779-1858 - Upper and Lower CanadaThis database is an index to the names on marriage bonds. A bond was needed to get married by licence.Genealogy and family historyBirths, marriages and deathsDatabase
Immigrants Sponsored by the Montreal Emigrant Society, 1832This database documents the arrival of immigrants in need of poor relief and transportation further west.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationDatabase
Immigrants to Canada, Porters and Domestics, 1899-1949This index collects the names of domestic servants and Black porters from various archival sources.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationDatabase
Loyalists in the Maritimes — Ward Chipman Muster Master's Office, 1777–1785Search this database to discover the names of Black and white Loyalists and British soldiers who settled in the Maritimes. It also includes Loyalist muster rolls and other military lists.Genealogy and family historyLoyalistsIndex
Gaspé Land Commission — names of claimants, 1819-1825The records include proceedings, reports, newspaper announcements and land grants.Genealogy and family historyLandDatabase
Naturalization Records, 1828-1850 - Upper Canada and Canada WestSearch our collection of names in naturalization records from the Late Loyalists, American immigrants who arrived in the first half of the 19th century.Genealogy and family historyCitizenship and naturalisationDatabase
Rare Book Illustrations, Before 1800Browse images from pre-1800s books and track changes over time.Arts and cultureRare booksDatabase
Passenger Lists, 1865-1922View passenger lists from major ports of entry on both Eastern and Western Canada.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationDatabase
Military Medals, Honours and Awards, 1812–1969We hold medal registers, citation cards and other records for various military awards.Military historyHonoursDatabase
Passenger Lists and Border Entries, 1925-1935 - Nominal IndexesPassenger lists were the official record of immigration to Canada. Use this index to search for specific names.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationDatabase
Passenger Lists for the Port of Quebec City and Other Ports, 1865-1922View passenger lists from major ports of entry on both Eastern and Western Canada.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationDatabase
Railway Employees (Employees Provident Fund)The Employees Provident Fund was a pension fund for employees Railway Employees (Employees Provident Fund) who retired after long service due to old age or injuries on the job.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentDatabase
RPMSearch music charts from RPM between 1964-2000.Arts and cultureMusic; PeriodicalsDatabase
Ship Registrations, 1787-1966Search for ship registrations in ports across Canada.Economy, transportation and infrastructureTransportation – MarineDatabase
Naturalization lists, 1915-1951This index collects the names of newly naturalized citizens from published annual reports.Genealogy and family historyCitizenship and naturalisationDatabase
Ukrainian Immigrants, 1891-1930Search lists of Ukrainian immigrants pulled from passenger lists and publications.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsDatabase
South African War, 1899-1902 - Service Files, Medals and Land ApplicationsThe South African War was the first time Canada dispatched troops to an overseas wars. Military historySouth African WarDatabase
Western Land Grants (1870-1930)Review land grants and maps issued for Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the railway belt of British Columbia.Genealogy and family historyLandDatabase
Citizenship registration records, Montreal Circuit Court, 1851 to 1945Locate information about immigrants who applied for citizenship in Montréal.Genealogy and family historyCitizenship and naturalisationDatabase
Diaries of William Lyon Mackenzie King, 1893 to 1950 Browse digitized versions of Mackenzie King's diaries.Politics, government and lawPrime ministersDatabase
Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990 View digitized and transcribed copies of reports from 1864-1990.Indigenous historyFirst NationsDatabase
Immigrants before 1865Explore records of immigrants who arrived before the government began keeping official passenger lists.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationDatabase
War of 1812Explore the names of Canadian militia appearing on documents relating to the War of 1812.Military historyBritish regime: 1760-1865Database
Immigrants from China, 1885-1949Find records for Chinese immigrants who came to Canada and Newfoundland.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsDatabase
First Nations Reserves - Western CanadaFind maps and plans related to First Nations reserves and settlements in Western Canada.Indigenous historyFirst NationsDatabase
Immigrants from the Russian Empire, 1898 to 1922 Consular records contain the names from the passport and identify files of the Russian Consular records. These include immigrants from Russia and what is now Ukraine, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania.Genealogy and family historyEthno-cultural groupsDatabase
Orders-in-Council, 1867 to 1924Orders-in-Council are legal tools used by the federal government for administration and legislation.Politics, government and lawLegislationDatabase
Canadian Post Office publications, 1759-1900 Find circulars, yearly guides, and other publications from Canada Post. You can also find the names of postmasters.Newspapers and communicationsPostal history and philately (stamps)Database
North West Mounted Police (NWMP) - Personnel Records, 1873-1904 Search for names of individuals who served with the NWMP and Dominion Police.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentDatabase
Treaties, Surrenders and Agreements, 1680-1956 Find historic treaties, land surrenders and related agreements between the Crown, First Nations and the Métis Nation.Indigenous historyLandDatabase
Post Offices and Postmasters: 1851 - 1981 Track the opening and closing of post offices and their staff across Canada.Newspapers and communicationsPostal history and philately (stamps)Database
Royal Canadian Navy Service Ledger Sheets, 1910 to 1941Search for personnel records of service members who served with the Royal Canadian Navy.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Database
Film, Video and SoundListen to and watch over 500,000 hours of Canadian film, video and sound recordingsArts and cultureFilm, video, and audioDatabase
Canada GazetteThe Canada Gazette is the official newspaper of the Government of Canada.Newspapers and communicationsNewspapersDatabase
Black Loyalist Refugees - Port Roseway AssociatesThis database contains references to Black Loyalists who joined the Port Roseway Associates during the evacuation of New York.Genealogy and family historyLoyalistsDatabase
Royal Commission on Aboriginal PeoplesThis commission was mandated to investigate and propose solutions to the challenges affecting the relationship between Indigenous peoples, the Canadian government and Canadian society.Indigenous history; Politics, government and lawPolitics, laws and government; First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Nation recordsDatabase
Border Entry, Form 30, 1919-1924Form 30 was used between 1919 to 1924 record the names of immigrants to arrive by land.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationMicroform
Cabinet Conclusions, 1944 to 1979 These documents include agendas, lists of attendees and summaries of discussions.Politics, government and lawFederal governmentDatabase
Personnel Records of the First World War Locate the service files of those who served during the First World War.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Database
Courts-martial of the First World WarCourts martials tried accused service men and women in military courts. Use this database to search for particular cases.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Database
Service Files of the Second World War - War Dead, 1939-1947Over 44,000 Canadian servicemembers died over the course of the Second World War. See their service records in this database.Military historySecond World War: 1939-1945Database
British military and naval records (RG 8, C Series) - Introduction and digitized indexInformation about documents held by the United Kingdom related to the defense of Canada between 1759 and 1871.Military historyBritish regime: 1760-1865Microform
Land Petitions of Upper Canada, 1763-1865After the abolishment of Land Boards, requests for land went through a centralized system. Those documents are available in this database.Genealogy and family historyLandDatabase
British military and naval records (RG 8, C Series) - Digitized documentsView copies of documents held by the United Kingdom related to the defense of Canada between 1759 and 1871.Military historyBritish regime: 1760-1865Microform
Veterans Death Cards: First World WarVeterans Affairs created a death card when a First World War veteran passed away. These cards are now in the custody of LAC.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Microform
Circumstances of Death Registers, First World WarLAC holds records related to the death of service personnel. They include details about cause of death and location of the first grave site.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Microform
School Files Series - 1879-1953 (RG10)These files deal with all aspects of the administration of the Indian Residential School system. They're organized by institution.Indigenous historyIndian Residential SchoolsMicroform
Land Boards of Upper Canada, 1765-1804Land Boards granted lands to Loyalists (and their children) who arrived after the end of the American Revolution.Genealogy and family historyLandDatabase
Guide to Sources Relating to Canadian Naval Vessels (1 pdf)Locate records related to specific vessels that served with the Royal Canadian Navy.Military historyGeneralIndex
Border EntriesBorder entries record the names of individuals arriving in Canada by land and by sea. The types of form and information collected changed over time.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationMicroform
Guide to Sources Relating to the Canadian Militia (2 pdfs)This guide provides a list of records and files organized by the various militia units that served during military conflicts.Military historyGeneralIndex
Ocean Arrivals, Form 30A, 1919-1924Form 30A was the equivalent to Form 30, used to recorded the names of immigrants who arrrived by sea.Genealogy and family historyImmigrationMicroform
Censuses - Street IndexesUse this index to find where a census was taken. It can help you find the exact district, sub-district, street or institution.Genealogy and family historyCensusIndex
Commonwealth War Graves Registers, First World WarThese registers record the location of graves and memorials for service personnel in France, Belgium, and the United Kingdom.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Microform
Census 1871The 1871 census was the first national Canadian census.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1842 WestThis census from 1842 was the first taken of the new Province of Canada. Quebec and Ontario were enumerated separately.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Guide to Sources Relating to Units of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (31 sub-pages)Identify records relating to specific army units that served in the First World WarMilitary historyFirst World War: 1914-1918Index
Census 1891Announcements for this census were shared via newspapers and church pulpits.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1881This national census was the first to include British Columnia, Manitoba, and Prince Edward Island in addition to the original four provinces at ConfederationGenealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1842 EastThis census from 1842 was the first taken of the new Province of Canada. Quebec and Ontario were enumerated separately.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1871 (Ontario)This version of the 1871 census only lists heads of households in Ontario.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1851The results from Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia collected together in a single census, though they were actually taken in two different years.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1861PEI was enumerated with the other Canadian provinces for the first time in this census.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1870 (Manitoba)Manitoba joined Confederation on July 15, 1870 and a census took place in the following months.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census of Lower Canada, 1825This census was partially nominal. It only collected the names of heads of households. Other individuals were counted rather than named.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census of Lower Canada, 1831This census was taken in present-day Quebec and was partially nominal.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1901The 1901 census was the first to include questions relating to citizenship and period of immigration.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906Starting in 1906, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba had two censuses: population and agriculture.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1916This was the second agricultural census for the Prairie provinces.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1911This census had 13 different questionnaires with 522 questions.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Voters' ListsThe voters lists are arranged by the name of the electoral district and polling station.Politics, government and lawElectionsIndex
Census 1926The most recently available census is from 1926.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Census 1921The 1921 census was the first collected by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, the predecessor of Statistics Canada.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
Virtual GramophoneVirtual Gramophone is a multimedia website about to the early days of Canadian recorded sound. It provides an overview of the 78-rpm era in Canada.Arts and cultureMusicDatabase
Land Petitions of Lower Canada, 1764-1841This database includes the petitions and records on land distribution from New France and the province of Quebec. Some information on land records in what is now Ontario is also included.Genealogy and family historyLandDatabase
Newfoundland and Labrador: Census and EnumerationsNewfoundland didn't become part of Canada until 1949. Before then, it conducted its own censuses.Genealogy and family historyCensusSubject guide
List of Marriage Licences Issued in Upper Canada (RG 5 B9) and Lower Canada (RG 4 B28) Though these licences no longer exists, you can view a list of issued marriage licenses on this page.Genealogy and family historyBirths, marriages and deathsIndex
TeachersSince education is a provincial and territorial responsibility, LAC holds limited employment records for teachers.Genealogy and family historyEmploymentSubject guide
War Diaries of the First World WarFrom the start of the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) units were required to maintain a daily account of their "Actions in the Field." This log was called a war diary.Military historyFirst World War: 1914-1918
File History Cards, 1872-1984Use this index to track files created at the former Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (RG 10).Indigenous historyFirst NationsIndex
Census Search (beta version)Search Canada’s census recordsGenealogy and family historyCensusDatabase