Item – Theses Canada

OCLC number
Newman, Margaret Evelyn,1936-
The hidden evidence from Hidden Cave, Nevada : an application of immunological techniques to the analysis of archaeological materials.
Ph. D. -- University of Toronto, 1990
Ottawa : National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, 1991.
2 microfiches.
University Microfilms order no. UMI00298467.
Includes bibliographical references.
In recent years a better understanding of human ecology during the Althithermal climatic period has been realized through the use of multi-disciplinary approaches in archaeological projects. This study explores the use of cross-over electrophoresis to examine blood residues on lithic, bone and wooden artifacts recovered from Hidden Cave, Nevada, to determine whether this type of analysis can provide further insight into our knowledge of prehistoric subsistence during this time period. The techniques used in the analysis follow those used by the Centre of Forensic Sciences, Toronto, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Serology Laboratories. Minor changes were made due to the age of the specimens. This technique provides an effective and relatively inexpensive method to identify animal proteins retained on artifacts. The results obtained in this analysis reinforce those obtained by faunal analyses and provide further insight into prehistoric subsistence patterns. Species, such as duck, mouse, rat, rabbit and deer, which are represented by more than one element in the faunal remains were identified by blood residue analysis. Four large mammals--cat, sheep, bison and bear--which are represented only by single elements in the faunal assemblage were identified by blood residue analysis. The identification of these animals indicates the exploitation of several ecological zones. No significant association of particular protein residues with specific artifact types was found.